A 20 A bipolar current source with 140 μA noise over 100 kHz bandwidth
The precise control of direct current (dc) magnetic fields is crucial in a wide range of experimental platforms, from ultracold quantum gases and nuclear magnetic resonance to precision measurements. In each of these cases, the Zeeman effect causes quantum states to shift in energy as a function of the magnetic field. The development of low-noise current sources is essential because electromagnets are the preferred tool to dynamically control the magnetic field. Here, we describe an ultra-low noise bipolar current source using pairs of complementary n- and p-channel metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistors controlled by zero-drift operational amplifiers. Our source has a 90 kHz inherent bandwidth and provides current from −20 to 20 A with noise (0.1 Hz to 100 kHz) of 140 µA at ±20 A.
A 20 A bipolar current source with 140 μA noise over 100 kHz bandwidth; M. Zhao, A. Restelli, J. Tao, Q. Liang, and I. B. Spielman; AIP Advances 13 (2023). doi:10.1063/5.0138145