Quenched binary Bose-Einstein condensates: Spin-domain formation and coarsening
We explore the time evolution of two-component Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), quasi one dimensional with respect to their spinor dynamics, following a quench from one component BECs with a U(1) order parameter into two-component condensates with a U(1)xZ2 order parameter. In our case, these two spin components have a propensity to phase separate, i.e., they are immiscible. Remarkably, these spin degrees of freedom can equivalently be described as a single-component attractive BEC. A spatially uniform mixture of these spins is dynamically unstable, rapidly amplifying any quantum or pre-existing classical spin fluctuations. This coherent growth process drives the formation of numerous spin-polarized domains, which are far from the system’s ground state. At much longer times these domains grow in size, coarsening, as the system approaches equilibrium. The experimentally observed time evolution is consistent with our fully three-dimensional stochastic-projected Gross–Pitaevskii calculation.
Quenched binary Bose-Einstein condensates: spin domain formation and coarsening; S. De, D. L. Campbell, R. M. Price, A. Putra, B. M. Anderson, and I. B. Spielman; Phys. Rev. A 89, 033631 (2014). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.89.033631